2019: A Nightmare for BJP in Assembly Elections

It was during the time of 2014 general elections campaign when we first heard the idea of CONGRESS MUKHAT BHARAT for the very first time by Modi ji in one of his election rallies and for a common man it was really hard to believe that Oldest party in the history of our nation can be shrunken to an extent where people might start doubting about its existence. Once Modi ironically asserted that in the upcoming years congress would be kept in Museums as specimen only with the pace, they were losing various assembly and general elections.

Our country has witnessed many glorious years of this oldest political party under the leadership of Late Indira Gandhi, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Rajeev Gandhi and even Manmohan Singh but after the 15th Lok Sabha general election congress has reached to the state of extinctic crisis for sure. As it is a Universal truth that change is the law of nature and if anyone fails to comply with that change All the manifestations of nature-sun, moon, stars, trees, oceans, mountains, rivers, animals and birds undergo change. And the major reason behind the crisis for the Congress is lack of efficient leadership as they have hardly let anyone other than Gandhi-Nehru family members led the party. It is worth mentioning here that since the year of 1998 Sitaram Keasri was the last president of Indian National Congress none other than Sonia or Rahul Gandhi ji served as national president of this oldest national democratic of our India and this could be termed as the era when congress started losing its grip from the political power and people started looking for an alternative as you can’t govern a political party as a family owned enterprises where only family members are allowed to hold key position in party.

NDA under the leadership of Amit Shah and Modi ji has proved a really hard nut to crack for the congress as in the 16th Lok-Sabha congress managed to win only 44 seats while only Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi managed to win elections in entire Uttar Pradesh and it itself tells that congress has reached its new all-time low. After the 16 Lok Sabha elections latest round of assembly polls in Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala come out, Congress is going through a serious existential crisis, with just 5 states under its rule in India. The greater threat to the party is that the NDA is making its presence felt in states that were not in its reach a few years ago.

The Congress party has lost one state after another after the 16th Lok Sabha election. With 10 states and Delhi that went to polls since May 2014, NDA has formed the government in 6 states, while Congress did not get to win even one. The bigger states are all ruled either by the BJP or other regional parties, and the Congress is in power in only one, Karnataka, which is going to the polls in 2018. Here too, the anti-incumbency factor is likely to work against it.

One of the biggest losses for the Congress after the 2014 elections was Maharashtra, where UPA had formed government for over 15 years. Congress lost almost half number of seats it won in 2009 assembly elections.

Elections after controversial decisions by BJP Government:

Demonetization and GST is considered one of the most controversial decision taken by the NDA led government and there were many speculations like people would not vote for BJP after these decisions but the real scenario was completely different as after the demonetization seven states went for assembly elections in the year of 2017 – Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand where apart from Punjab BJP was able to form government in all other states while we can afford to forget the fact in Uttar Pradesh Samajwadi party and Congress formed an unrealistic alliance with the only aim to stop BJP still they couldn’t stop BJP securing a unprecedented victory and the stats are given below

Indian National Congress 7
Bhartiya Janata Party 312
Bahujan Samaj Party 19
Samajwadi Party 47
Rastriya Lok Dal 1
Apna Dal (Soneylal) 9
Nirbal Indian Shoshit Hamara Aam Dal 1
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party 4
Independent 3
Total 403

So overall 2017 was proved a very successful year in terms of assembly elections as they managed to win major elections.

In the year of 2018 after the implementation of amendment the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh Telangana and Mizoram went into assembly polls and results are as follows

Rajasthan Assembly Election Results December 11, 2018

Total Seats: 200
Results declared: 199 (One seat – Ramgarh adjourned)
Majority: 100

Party Won Change
Indian National Congress 99 79
Bharatiya Janata Party 73 -89
Independent 13
Bahujan Samaj Party 6 3
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2
Bhartiya Tribal Party 2
Rashtriya Lok Dal 1
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party 3
Total 199


Chhattisgarh Assembly Election Results, December 11, 2018

Total Seats: 90

Majority: 46

Party Won Change
Indian National Congress 68 29
Bharatiya Janata Party 15 -34
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh (J) 5 5
Bahujan Samaj Party 2 1
Total 90

Telangana Assembly Election Results December 11, 2018

Total number of seats: 119

Majority: 60

Party Won Change
Telangana Rashtra Samithi 88 25
Indian National Congress 19 -16
All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen 7
Telugu Desam 2
Bharatiya Janata Party 1 -4
All India Forward Bloc 1
Independent 1
Total 119

Madhya Pradesh Assembly Election Results December 11, 2018

Total Seats: 230

Majority: 116

Party Won Change
Indian National Congress 114 56
Bharatiya Janata Party 109 -56
Independent 4 0
Bahujan Samaj Party 2 -2
Samajwadi Party 1 0
Total 230

Mizoram Assembly Election Results December 11, 2018

Total number of seats: 40

Majority: 21

Party Won Change
Mizo National Front 26 21
Independent 8 0
Indian National Congress 5 -29
Bhartiya Janata Party 1 1
Total 40


And by the analysis of those results it was quite evident that BJP started losing track after this controversial decision of implementing the amended SC/ST act it was well inferred that Indian people had denied to accept this decision of BJP.

It was just some months to go for the next General elections of the country and BJP was in real mess at that time and it was a herculean task for Amit Shah and Prime minister Modi ji to find a way ahead but as we all know the modern Chanakya Amit bhai shah spread his magic once again the General Elections of 2019 and when people were skeptical about the performance of BJP in the Lok Sabha considering the fact that they lost 3 major assembly elections Bhartiya Janata Party came up with the Brahamstra called 10% reservation for EWS reservation and that is considered the biggest reason behind the unprecedented win BJP in 2019 general elections by the many political analysist and that was the time when many political leaders started believing it’s impossible to defeat BJP in any election.

Situation of BJP after 2019 General Elections

Nothing is permanent in this cruel word so as political dominance after securing majority with vast margin in Lok Sabha when most of the parties thought BJP has become invincible now, but then we observe different sort of pattern in Assembly elections that took place in the year of 2019.

Jharkhand Election Results 2019:

JMM-Congress-RJD alliance storm to power in Jharkhand

Jharkhand Election Results 2019: JMM-Congress-RJD alliance all set to form the new government in Jharkhand with a massive mandate, BJP reduced to 25 seats. CM Raghu bar Das loses Jamshedpur East to saryu Roy.


Maharashtra assembly elections 2019:

The biggest political surprise of the year was when Shiv-Sena decided to break long tie ups with BJP after the assembly elections in the state and they formed government with Congress and it was the biggest concern for the BJP at this moment to find out what made Shiv Sena to take that decision as both parties used to have similar kind of ideology and political beliefs.

Row Labels Count of Party
BJP 109
CPI(M) 1
INC 51
IND 11
NCP 48
SHS 55
SP 2
Grand Total 288


While BJP started the year with unprecedent win in Lok Sabha elections they really couldn’t manage to maintain same magic in state elections for sure.  BJP lost 5 consecutive assembly elections in this year which is a nightmare for the party as we are witnessing the golden era of BJP in this decade especially. There might be number of reasons behind this and the main reason could be declining GDP growth and unemployment for sure Modi ji and Amit shah need to understand the need of the people. You can’t win every election in the name of country and its security only. Hindutva and internal security are perfectly fine till everyone is getting jobs food and homes but when there is decline in growth and jobs results would be catastrophic every single time for the ruling government.

And even we can’t deny the strong comeback of the congress at least in the state elections they have tried many permutations and combinations for the elections the have worked for them as of now. Though congress is making such coalition which is for the sake of forming government only yet they deserve some credits and BJP should really consider this as a real threat if they want to fulfill their CONGRESS MUKHAT BHARAT WALA SAPNA.

This article is authored by Abhyudaya Raj Mishra, BBA LLB (HONS), Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla

Also Read – Right Of Not To Vote (NOTA)

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