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Preventive Theory of Punishment

Introduction The idea of punishment is not new to man. Since the beginning of civilisation and the coming into existence of laws, punishment has been viewed as a means of mitigating crime from the society. Punishment implies conformity to societal …

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Difference Between Theft And Extortion

Introduction An offender commits a crime with mala fide intention against the state and private body. An offender is liable for the criminal act under the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Indian Penal Code, 1860 was drafted by Lord Thomas Babington …

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Difference Between Mischief And Cheating

Introduction Mischief and Cheating are criminal offenses against property and provisions related to them are dealt with under Chapter XVII of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. For a layman, mischief and cheating could seem identical. Mischief is commonly understood as …

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Difference Between Robbery And Dacoity

Introduction Robbery and dacoity are classified as ‘offences against property’ under chapter XVII of the Indian Penal Code, 1860.  Although the terms ‘robbery’ and ‘dacoity’ are often used interchangeably on account of their inter-relatedness, there are considerable points of distinction …

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Difference Between Theft And Robbery

Introduction The Indian criminal law, when read as plain text, might look confusing and overlapping. Both, the substantive and procedural laws, are drafted in a language that is beyond the understanding of a layman. Even people involved in the legal …

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Vicarious Liability In IPC

Introduction I call up my buddy Dhruv and encourage him to join me in robbing a bank shortly after determining that the placid life of the school is not meeting my inner yearning for danger and excitement. Given that I …

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Criminal Breach Of Trust In IPC

Introduction and Meaning of Criminal Breach of Trust Today’s world would come to a standstill if there were no interconnectedness or interdependence of people on one another for their co-existence. All activities that sustain life and protect life, liberty, and …

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Stages of Crime in Indian Penal Code (IPC)

Introduction In the eyes of society, committing a crime is a disgraceful act that shocks the public conscience. For the most part, criminal law is concerned with protecting and preserving specific essential societal values and institutions. The Indian Penal Code …

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Reformative Theory Of Punishment In India

Introduction “Every saint has a past and every sinner has a future”[1], this observation was made by Justice Krishna Iyer in the case of Mohd. Giasuddin v. State of A.P.[2]. This phrase beautifully summarizes the reformative theory of punishment. The …

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