Crime Against Women In India

Woman, in our Country, belongs to various groups or societies whether they are poor or rich, black or white, educated or illiterate, whether they belong from village or town, who are in disadvantageous position on account of several social barriers. They have been the victim of tyranny at the hands of men with whom they, fortunately, under the constitution enjoy equal status.

Women also have the right to life and liberty, their dignity cannot be touched or violated. They are Mother, Sister, Daughter, Wife, not playthings for center spreads in various magazines, periodicals, or newspapers nor can they be exploited for obscene purposes.

In India there are many issues and problems has been created regarding women, they are treated as animals, not like human being , because they are still property of human being. A wife is property of a husband according to Indian system, how is it possible that a human being is the property of a human being itself. There is no equality also on the basis of gender in private sector specially, look at the example of Bollywood Industry, Salman Khan is on the top from actors side and in actresses side Katrina Kaif is on the topmost level, they are not getting equal payment for a film of same movie, one get 40 crore and another get only 5 crore. The following issues of concern relating to women are as follows:-

(a.) Rape and Sexual Assault,
(b.) Domestic violence,
(c.) Sexual Harassment at work place,
(d.) Matrimonial disputes,
(e.) Divorce,
(f.) Custody,
(g.) Reproductive and sexual health rights of women or adolescent girls,
(h.) Pre-birth selection,
(i.) Elimination of female foetuses,
(j.) Commercial Sexual Exploitation,
(k.) Domestic work,
(l.) Marriage,
(m.) Child Marriage,
(n.) Child Sexual Abuse,
(o.) Witch hunting,
(p.) Acid attacks,
(q.) Honour Killings,
(r.) Equal employment opportunities for women and Labor Rights,
(s.) Dalit and tribal women,
(t.) Women Prisoners,
(u.) HIV+ Women,
(v.) Dowry Death,
(w.) Bride burning,
(x.) Molestation,
(y.) Gender Discrimination.

Violation against women is a burning issue, the Government of India has enacted various legislations to deal with various offences against women. But still, it is not working as absolute just going on not greeting success because it is continuously it is increasing day by day like population rate increasing rate in India that’s why every third woman is a victim. Following are the legislations which are as follows:

(1.) Sections – 166-B, 228-A, 326-A, 326-B, 354-A, 354-B, 354-C, 354-D, 304-B, 375, 376, 376-A, 376-B, 376-C, 376-D, And 498-A In the IPC
(2.) Dowry Prohibition Act,1961
(3.) Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006
(4.) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956
(5.) Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
(6.) Pre- Conception and Pre – Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition on Sex-Selection) Act, 1994
(7.) Indecent Representation Of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
(8.) Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
(9.) Sexual Harassment Of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2010
(10.) Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971

Now there is going on cyber crimes which are by network, online, computer. Cyber crime against women:-
(a.) Harassment via e-mails
(b.) Cyber pornography
(c.) Cyber Terrorism
(d.) Cyber Stalking
(e.) Defamation
(f.) Morphing
(g.) E-mail spoofing

One of the most recent case of lady victim of Acid attack : Bhagalpur Acid Attack Victim Dies in Delhi Hospital- The intermediate student in Bhagalpur who was attacked with acid on April 2019 succumbed to injuries at Delhi’s Safdarjung Hospital, where she was brought after initial treatment from Varanasi Hospital. On April 19 evening, when the male members of the family were at their shop and the victim was with her mother, three men barged into the house, held the mother hostage at gun point and poured acid on the student. The victim was rushed to a local hospital where the Doctors refused to touch her, because of critical & sensitive case after this she referred to Medical college hospital at BHU, Varanasi.

The recent landmark Sabarimala temple case-
The Supreme Court judges held that women cannot be restricted from entering holy sites such as the Sabarimala Ayyappa Hindu temple in Kerala, India. The Sabarimala temple prohibited women from entering, arguing that they are impure while menstruating. The controversy was stoked when the board’s president wanted to install machines outside the temple to check if women who are menstruating are trying to go into the temple.

Pushkar Pushp

Content Writer, Law Corner, 4th Year, B.Sc. LL.B, Central University of South Bihar.

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