India is a country or nation-state well known for its diversity as well as its unity in diversity. The people of India are divided among themselves based on different religion, caste, creed, region, race, language and etc. India is a ‘Union of States’; it is a quasi-federal state. Even though after so much diversity the Constitution of India is the Supreme Law of the very nation-state.
The Constitution of India have been given constitutional and fundamental right to its entire people equally. According to the Preamble of the Indian Constitution India is a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic country. The Constitution has ensured or mandated that the people of India shall be given protection to their life, liberty, fundamental rights and property. Nevertheless, the big question arises whether the Government of the India is able to secure the Rights mandated by the Constitution of India to the people or not.
India, a country today comprised of over a 1.33 billion people has been plagued by several conflicts, many of which have given rise to various forms of terrorism and extremism. However, it is the responsibility of the nation-state to solve the problems and disputes and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and harmony in the society. However, in recent years as a citizen of this incredible country, I have observed that not only the government have failed to discharge its primary duty but there is something wrong going on in the society as well. This have led to form Violent Extremism in India. Mob Lynching is one of the form of Violent Extremism. Mob Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob in order to punish.
Well the reason behind this form of Violent Extremism varies. Like in 2015, Dadri Mob Lynching refers to case of Mob Lynching in which a mob of villagers attacked the home of 52 year old Muslim man Mohammed Akhlaq, killing him, for suspicion of slaughtering a cow. This was also among the first mob lynching case in India. Bharat Kalicharan, alias Akku Yadav (1972 – 13 August 2004), was a 32-year-old rapist and murderer in India who, on 13 August 2004, was lynched by a mob of around 200 women from Kasturba Nagar, Delhi. Yadav was stabbed over seventy times, and chili powder and stones were thrown in his face. One of his alleged victims also hacked off his penis. He was killed in this incident.
In 2012, Akku Yadav’s nephew, Aman Yadav was stabbed to death following similar circumstances. Another case in 2018 Mukesh Vaniya( Dalit) belonging to a scheduled caste was miserably thrashed and murdered by owners in Rajkot and his wife was brutally beaten up. The most recent case of Violent Extremism i.e. Mob Lynching was the Tabrez Ansari. Tabrez Ansari was lynched by a mob in Jharkhand on June 17, 2019 and he died days later. He was also forced to chant Jai Shri Ram by the mob. This are the Radicalization by social groups over the other weaker social groups of the country.
This violent acts causes fear and terror in the mind of certain social groups of the country. The groups who are going these violent activities are giving the message of hatred and disrespect to the minorities of the country. They are making the other minority groups feel like, that they are the second grade citizens of India and treating them like they are kind of immigrant people who are aliens to them and they can do whatever they want to them. The violent extremists are making the minorities groups feel like they don’t have equal status and rights as they possesses.
Every religion teaches the language of love, affection, respect and peace. Instead religion is sometimes used to legitimize personal and collective frustration and justify violent ideologies. Some so called religious institution and association promotes this kind of violent activities in the name of religion and the sad part is that many political parties and leaders funds and promotes them. The civilians are deceived and manipulated to do these activities. Those people who join the Violent Extremists movement are on a quest for significance a sense that their lives have a purpose and meaning or at least that what they are made to believe so. This thing are done for winning election & stay in power and achieve their narrow objectives. We all are very familiar with the political scenario and political tricks for winning elections like Vote Bank Politics, Beef Politics etc.
The people are been divided into different groups based upon their religion, caste, region, creed, language and etc. This forms Marginalization in India, which will have a devastating effect in the country’s socio economic and political matters. Studies and researches have theorized that marginalization, alienation and discrimination could be possible precursors to radicalization (although this has yet to be examined empirically). Radicalization will lead to cause unlawful riots, violent protest, revolts communal violent against the government and against different social groups of people in the society.
If we go with the data’s and reports not even a single individual has been punished for Mob Lynching. The Government of India have failed to pass any bill or form an Anti-Mob Lynching Act even after The Supreme Court issued notices to the Centre and the states that have not complied with its 2018 judgement laying down guidelines to prevent mob lynching. West Bengal State is the only State government to pass a legislation against such crimes and Rajasthan has passes Bill against lynching introduced in Rajasthan Assembly as Centre was unwilling to take the initiatives in India. The government have failed to protect people’s life, liberty, fundamental rights and their property.
In future there will be amid rising repression and persecution of minority groups in India and if the government don’t act now and save the Constitutionality of the Constitution and bring justice and equity than there will be a downfall of world’s largest democracy and republic which will bring tyranny and dictatorship in India. There will be massacres and genocides of the different social groups in India. Than the minorities of India will be targeted or treated just like Jews in Germany during Adolf Hitler era. The government will treat minorities as bait and scapegoat as the government will have to save its supremacy & dominancy as they will not have any solution or will not be able to control the situation in further future.
This artilce is authored by Mahamud Hasan, student of BALLB(HONS) at Aligarh Muslim University, Malappuram Centre.
Also Read – Rule of Law v. Mob Lynching: Mob Lynching still an Undefined Fiction