What Are The Purposes And Functions Of Law?


[1]Through law, the information is passed regarding the system to the citizens of the country in several ways. It is reflected also in various branches of law. For instance, contract law quotes that the agreements are supposed to exchange services, goods, or something which is of value in the eyes of law. Therefore, it involves everything i.e. from purchasing a ticket to the trading plans in the market.

In furtherance to that, property law explains the rights and duties of each individual towards the property. This may involve real estate along with their respective possessions. Additionally, it involves intangible property like stock shares and bank accounts. Several offences against state, federal, or any local community appeared as to be a subject matter of criminal law.

Henceforth, it gives the government a significant system in which offenders can be punished. There are numerous kinds of purposes which are served by law. Out of many, there are four main which is as follows:

1. Maintaining Order:

The law is said to be an offshoot for the establishment of the standards. The resembling nature is necessary for a civilized kind of society. Thus, a similar thing is reflected upon the law. Further, the law when being enforced provides a diligent consistency with the guidelines of the society. In addition to that, wildlife management laws were passed in lieu of the game to be conserved and so that it gets protected for future generations in the years to come.

2. Establishing Standards:

The law is a manner in which it shows a way to the minimum accepted behaviour in society. There are few activities which are a crime for the society to determine whether it will tolerate behaviours that may damage or injure the person or their respective properties. For instance, it is a crime to injure an individual without the justification factor being met. Therefore, committing the same can lead to the constitution of the crime i.e. assault.

3. Resolving Disputes:

Disputes are not supposed to be ignored in a society at large that consists of people with several kinds of wants, needs, values, etc. Additionally, the law gives a formal means to resolve the disputes which are under the court system.

4. Protecting Liberties and Rights:

The constitutions and the statutes of India give various rights and liberties in their states. In addition to that, one of the functions of law is to protect numerous rights and liberties from unreasonable kind of violations or intrusions by organizations, persons or government. Henceforth, if an individual believes that the freedom of speech has been forbidden by the government then the respective individual can pursue the remedy through the platform of bringing the case in the courts.


[2]The idea of the elements of law is critical. It is expected to clarify the idea of law, to clarify disciplines related to law, to effectively decipher and apply law, to pinpoint the cooperation of law with accepted practices and establishments, to figure out which general standards to which the law ought to adjust or go amiss, and to clarify the law inside the setting of regularizing reasoning. This part plans to add to the elaboration of the thorough contemplated plan of the elements of the law. In it, the inquiries of the social elements of law are recognized from the topic of grouping lawful standards into particular standardizing types.

The four essential elements of law – forestalling unfortunate conduct and making sure about attractive conduct which is acted in criminal law and torts; giving offices to private courses of action between people, which is found in private law, criminal, and tort law; arrangements of administrations and the redistribution of merchandise found in legitimate frameworks; and settling unregulated questions found in courts and councils – are talked about in the section. It likewise handles the auxiliary and aberrant elements of the law. The auxiliary elements of the law incorporate the assurance of methods for changing the law and the guideline of the activity of law-applying organs.

Salmond’s supposition with respect to the capacity of law gives off an impression of being sound and coherent. The expression “law’ indicates various types of rules and standards. Law is an instrument that manages human direct/conduct. Law implies Justice, Morality, Reason, Order, and Righteousness from the view purpose of the general public. Law implies Statutes, Acts, Rules, Regulations, Orders, and Ordinances from the perspective of the council.

Law implies Rules of court, Decrees, Judgments, Orders of courts, and Injunctions from the perspective of Judges. In this manner, Law is a more extensive term which incorporates Acts, Statutes, Rules, Regulations, Orders, Ordinances, Justice, Morality, Reason, Righteous, Rules of court, Decrees, Judgment, Orders of courts, Injunctions, Tort, Jurisprudence, Legal hypothesis, and so on. Since the time the down of human development, humankind has had a type of decide or that they used to govern itself in the public arena laws set the standard wherein we should live in the event that we need to be a piece of society.

Law set up rules and guidelines for society with the goal that we can opportunity, offers Justice to the individuals who were wronged, and it set up that it shields us from our own government. In particular, the law likewise gives a system to determine debates emerging from those obligations and rights and permits gatherings to uphold guarantees in a courtroom. As indicated by Corley and Reed (1986), the law is a group of rules of the activity or direct prescribed by controlling position and having lawful restricting powers. Laws are made on the grounds that it keeps bedlam from occurring inside the business condition and just as society. In business, the law sets rules with respect to work administrative, consistency, even official guidelines.


[2] Joseph Raz, The Authority of Law: Essays on law and morality, OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (March, 2012), https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198253457.001.0001/acprof-9780198253457-chapter-9.

This article is authored by Jahnvi Pandey, First-Year, B.A. LL.B student at University of Petroleum and Energy Studies.

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