Historical Evolution of the Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility

What is Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility is a kind of self-regulation done by an organization model to help a company be socially accountable. It is a management concept adopted by organizations to integrate social and environmental concerns in their working operations and to interact with their stakeholders and the public. Corporate Social Responsibility is also known as corporate citizenship or corporate sustainability. It is the adoption of social beneficiary practices and programs in business operations by organizations. By practicing Corporate Social Responsibility practices company can be conscious of the kind of impact of its operations on society, environment, and economy.

Corporate social obligation is a wide idea that can take numerous structures relying upon the organization and industry. Through CSR projects, generosity, and volunteer endeavors, organizations can profit society while boosting their brands.

As significant as CSR is for society, it is similarly important for an organization. CSR exercises can help produce a more grounded bond among workers and companies; support assurance, and help the two representatives and businesses feel progressively associated with their general surroundings.

For an organization to be socially mindful, it first should be responsible to itself and its investors. Regularly, organizations that receive CSR programs have developed their business to where they can offer back to society. Along these lines, CSR is fundamentally a methodology of enormous partnerships. Additionally, the more obvious and fruitful a company is, the greater duty it needs to set guidelines of moral conduct for its friends, rivalry, and industry.

Definitions of Corporate Social Responsibility

According to European Union, “The voluntary integration of companies’ social and ecological concerns into their business activities and their relationships with their stakeholders. Being socially responsible means not only fully satisfying the applicable legal obligations but also going beyond and investing ‘more’ in human capital, the environment, and stakeholder relations.”[1]

According to ISO 2600,” The responsibility of an organization for the impacts of its decisions and activities on society and the environment, resulting in ethical behavior and transparency which contributes to sustainable development, including the health and well-being of society; takes into account the expectations of stakeholders; complies with current laws and is consistent with international standards of behavior; and is integrated throughout the organization and implemented in its relations.”[2]

Some Activities of Corporate Social Responsibility and Their Benefits

1. Prevent Financial Complications- An organization should comply with every law whether national or international. The business organisation should adopt self-regulatory processes to prevent fines which may prevent a business from legal troubles and also help in lowering legal expenses.

2. Increase Loyalty with Employees- A business organisation should treat its employees fairly and generously. By providing good working conditions and better awards for labour they provide an organisation may gain its employee’s trust which increases loyalty for business among employees.

3. Maintaining Goodwill- A company can maintain its goodwill by adopting activities for environmental protection, social awareness programs, etc. An organisation can get involved in local community projects which give credentials with clients in a given location.

History of Corporate Social Responsibility and it’s Institutionalisation

The possibility that organizations must do CSR and assume a functioning job in the reasonable improvement battle has its underlying foundations in crafted by some American supervisors during the 1950s. What was their thought? They imagined that if organizations not, at this point concentrated distinctly on their benefits yet additionally on the effect they have on society and the earth, they’d have different sorts of advantages.

In 1953, Howard Bowen distributed a book entitled “The Social Responsibility of the Businessman” wherein he clarifies why organizations ought to be keen on being all the more socially and earth responsible and gave the main “perceived” meaning of CSR.

Also, with the improvement of ecological worries notwithstanding financial and social issues in the second 50% of the twentieth century, corporate social duty turned into a developing issue. An ever-increasing number of customers began getting incredulous of organizations and needed them to be progressively deferential of the laws, the earth, and progressively capable by and large.

During the 1990s and 2000s, governments in a few nations around the globe began setting up guidelines that made the establishments for present-day CSR. In France, NRE laws were the first to constrain organizations to impart their exhibition as far as the supportable turn of events. These laws were then trailed by different guidelines, for example, the Grenelle Laws or the Laws of Vigilance.

Thereafter, organizations began getting mindful of the need of beginning to put resources into CSR with the goal that they didn’t remain behind their rivals. Now, CSR began to be seen and utilized as a device for executives, correspondence, and business advancement. CSR turned out to be likewise basic in improving corporate picture among shoppers, upgrading inner correspondence and profitability and was a method of decreasing expenses by turning associations progressively effective with regards to overseeing vitality and assets.

Today, as the world appearances numerous social and environmental difficulties, it’s elusive medium/huge size organizations that don’t have a CSR report, a CSR division or an individual in control, or possibly a correspondence procedure devoted to CSR.

Corporate Social Responsibility Today

Today, the corporate world has begun to genuinely systematize CSR. CSR approaches and techniques allude to the different arrangements set up by organizations that make them stronger and simultaneously permit them to ensure the earth, decrease ozone-depleting substance discharges, improve the nature of items or advance social consideration and workforce equity.

By and large, a CSR approach can possibly affect various regions inside business interior structures and furthermore in the manner the external workforce and society are composed.

On a worldwide degree, there is no “law” that powers organizations to set up a CSR technique. All things considered, numerous states have built up a lot of guidelines that outline CSR, specifically by urging organizations to be progressively capable.

Then again, there is a global organization that distributes guides for organizations to manage them on their CSR system. The ISO (International Standard Organization) permits organizations to have a typical casing of reference so as to actualize their CSR system.

At present, CSR is developing. Organizations look to characterize better approaches to add to supportable advancement so as to improve their picture, yet in addition their presentation and their odds of the venture and flourishing in the long haul. CSR is additionally profiting by innovative and financial turns of events and the prescribed procedures today are probably going to change quickly. Today CSR  Communication, Human resources, Supply chains, SMEs are trending to increase the organization’s sustainability and reputation.

[1] https://ec.europa.eu/growth/industry/sustainability/corporate-social-responsibility_en

[2] https://www.iso.org/iso-26000-social-responsibility.html

This Article is Authored by Madhur Bansal, 1st Year BALLB Student at ILS Law College, Pune.

Also Read – What Is Corporate Social Responsibility [CSR]?

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