Safety Measures Under Factories Act, 1948

Factories Act, 1948 has been sanctioned to merge and revise the law managing the laborers working in the processing plants. It reaches out to the entire of India and applies to each manufacturing plant wherein at least 20 laborers are normal utilized. Since the point and object of the act is to defend the enthusiasm of laborers and shield them from abuse, the act endorses certain guidelines as to the security, government assistance and working long stretches of laborers, aside from different arrangements.[1]

The principal goals of the Indian Factories Act, 1948 are to direct the working conditions in production lines, to control wellbeing, security government assistance, and yearly leave and institute unique arrangement in regard to youthful people, females and children who work in the factories.

The Factories Act, 1948 is a useful enactment. The point and object of the act are basically to shield the interests of laborers, stop their abuse and deal with their security, cleanliness and government assistance at their work environments. It throws different commitments, obligations and duties on the occupier of an industrial facility and furthermore on the production line chief. Amendments to the act and court choices have additionally expanded the nature and extent of the idea of the occupier, particularly opposite risky procedures in factories.

Wellbeing is a significant piece of everybody’s life. Being sound doesn’t just mean being ‘without ailment’. It incorporates physical, social, and emotional wellness as well. Keeping up sound wellbeing is without a doubt a worry for everybody except it is progressively vital for the individuals who are continually under danger of wellbeing perils. These are the assembly line laborers.[2] They are continually under the peril of wellbeing dangers. Henceforth, it gets important to focus on the strength of the laborers in the manufacturing plants just as individuals in the public eye. So as to normalize the wellbeing measures and security provisions, the Factories Act, 1948 sets out certain ‘wellbeing measures.[3]

The provisions for employee’s safety in the act are as follows:

  1. The machinery in each manufacturing plant ought to be appropriately fenced. (Section 21)
  1. Only the prepared grown-up male specialist, wearing tight-fitting garments which ought to be provided by the occupier, ought to be permitted to work close to the machinery in motion. (Section 22)
  1. No youngster will be utilized on hazardous hardware, except if he is completely taught regarding the peril emerging regarding the machine and the safety measures to be watched and he has gotten adequate preparing in work at the machine. (Section 23)
  2. Suitable plans ought to be made to give striking rigging and gadgets to cutting off force if there should arise an occurrence of crises. (Section 24)
  3. Sufficient precautionary measures ought to be taken with respect to self-acting machines to stay away from mishaps. (Section 25)
  4. To forestall peril, all machinery driven by force ought to be encased and viably protected. (Section 26)
  5. Woman laborer and youngsters ought not to be utilized in any piece of the production line for squeezing cotton in which a cotton-opener is grinding away. (Section 27)
  6. Hoists and Lifts in a processing plant ought to be intermittently assessed by the Capable Individual. (Section 28)
  7. Lifting Machines, Chains, Ropes and Lifting Handles in a production line ought to be occasionally investigated by the Equipped Individual. (Section 29)
  8. Where the procedure of granulating is continued, a notification showing the most extreme safe working fringe speed of each pound stone or rough wheel and so on., ought to be fixed to the rotating hardware. (Section 30)
  9. Where any plant or machinery or any part thereof is worked at a weight above environmental weight, powerful measures ought to be taken to guarantee that the protected working weight of such plant of machinery or part isn’t surpassed. (Section 31)
  10. Floors, steps and methods for access ought to be adequately developed and appropriately kept up. (Section 32)
  11. Pits, sumps opening in the floor and so forth., ought to be either safely secured or fenced. (Section 33)
  12. No laborer will be utilized in any processing plant to lift, the conveyor moves any heap so substantial as to probably cause him injury. (Section 34)
  13. Necessary defensive gear ought to be given to ensure the eyes of the worker, where the working includes the danger of injury to the eyes. (Section 35)


The current Factories Act in activity throughout the previous 37 years has given sufficient advantages to the assembly line laborers. It has impressively improved their working and business conditions. The Government is effectively considering the acquaintance of some crucial corrections with the act to keep it in line with the time and make it increasingly compelling While at the same time managing the obligations of the Occupier and Production line Director under Factories Act 1948, out and out we can reason that the Occupier and Plant Administrator has an imperative task to carry out in guaranteeing the wellbeing, security and government assistance of the laborers as they are the foundation of the modern division.[4] It is, anyway vital that the laborers and their agents make themselves mindful of the different arrangements of the act and protect their inclinations all alone and power the defaulting business to be aware of his lawful commitment.

[1] Report – Government of India – Report on the National Commission on Labour New Delhi – Ministry of Labour – Employment & Relationship.

[2] Mishra & Bhagat (2007). Principles for successful implementation of labor welfare activities from policy theory to functional theory. Sabariraja 

[3] Agarwala (2004). From ‗Work to Welfare: The State and Informal Workers „Organizations in India. American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinoi

[4] Mamoria C.B & Deshi S.L – Labour Problems and Social Welfare in India. Kitab Mahal Pvt. Ltd., Bombay 1986

This Article is Authored by Kinjal Sharma, 1st Year, B.Com LL.B Student at Institute of Law, Nirma University, Ahmedabad.

Also Read – The Welfare of Workers under the Factories Act, 1948

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